madeira islands

Nestled in the vast Atlantic Ocean, Madeira Island stands as a beacon of natural beauty and cultural richness.

This autonomous region of Portugal, located southwest of the mainland, is more than just a destination; it’s a vibrant paradise for adventurers, nature lovers, and those seeking a retreat from the mundane.

Madeira Island is not only renowned for its breathtaking landscapes, ranging from lush green mountains to crystal-clear waters, but also for its warm, subtropical climate that makes it a year-round haven for tourists from around the globe.

The unique appeal of Madeira Island lies in its diverse ecosystems and the preservation of its cultural heritage, which together offer an unparalleled experience.

From the charming streets of its capital, Funchal, brimming with historical sites and colorful markets, to the serene beauty of its Levadas (ancient irrigation channels) that offer some of the most scenic hikes in the world, Madeira invites exploration and discovery at every turn.

But Madeira Island is more than its scenic beauty.

It is a place where tradition and modernity blend seamlessly, where the local cuisine can transport you to a world of flavors with its simplicity and richness, and where the hospitality of the Madeiran people makes every visitor feel at home.

Whether you’re looking to dive into the deep blue sea, wander through enchanted forests, or simply soak in the vibrant culture and festivities, Madeira Island offers a mosaic of experiences that cater to all tastes and interests.

In this article, we will guide you through 15 of the best things to do in Madeira Island, ensuring that your journey is as unforgettable as the destination itself.

From natural wonders and culinary delights to thrilling adventures and peaceful retreats, get ready to explore the endless charms of Madeira Island.

1. Explore Funchal


Description of Madeira’s Capital, Funchal: Historical Sites, Bustling Markets, and Beautiful Gardens

Funchal, the vibrant capital of Madeira Island, is a treasure trove of experiences, seamlessly blending the old with the new.

Nestled in a stunning natural amphitheater facing the Atlantic, Funchal is known for its historical charm, lively markets, and exquisite gardens, making it a must-visit destination on the island.

One cannot talk about Funchal without mentioning the iconic Mercado dos Lavradores.

This bustling market is the heart of the city, where locals and tourists alike converge to explore a colorful array of local fruits, vegetables, flowers, and crafts.

The vibrant atmosphere and the myriad of scents and colors make it an unforgettable experience.

It’s not just a place to shop; it’s a place to immerse yourself in Madeira’s rich culture and culinary diversity.

Equally enchanting are Funchal’s gardens, with the Monte Palace Tropical Garden standing out as a pinnacle of beauty.

Perched on the hills overlooking the city, this garden is a paradise of exotic plants, koi ponds, and stunning tile work that tells the story of Portugal’s history.

The tranquility and beauty of these gardens offer a serene escape from the bustling city and provide a glimpse into the island’s lush flora.

Highlighting Cultural Experiences: Madeira Wine Tasting Sessions

No visit to Funchal, or Madeira Island for that matter, would be complete without indulging in the world-renowned Madeira wine.

This centuries-old tradition has put Madeira on the global map, offering a unique taste that captures the essence of the island.

Wine tasting sessions in Funchal are not merely about savoring this exquisite beverage; they’re about understanding its history, the meticulous process of its creation, and its significance to Madeiran culture.

Several wineries and wine lodges in Funchal open their doors to visitors, offering guided tours that culminate in tastings of different varieties of Madeira wine.

From the sweet, rich Malmsey to the dry, complex Sercial, each wine tells a story of its own, echoing the island’s volcanic soil and the Atlantic breeze.

These sessions are a journey through time, blending the sensory pleasures of taste with the rich narratives of Madeira’s past and present.

2. Hike Along the Levadas


Explanation of Levadas (Irrigation Channels) and Their Importance to Madeira

The Levadas of Madeira Island are an extensive network of irrigation channels that are a marvel of historical engineering.

Originating in the 16th century, these channels were developed to distribute water from the rainfall-rich north and west of the island to the drier regions in the south and east, supporting agriculture and daily life.

Today, the Levadas not only serve their original purpose but have also become a magnet for hikers from around the world, offering a unique way to explore Madeira’s stunning landscapes.

Spanning over 2,000 kilometers, the Levadas crisscross the island, guiding walkers through lush forests, around steep mountainsides, and past cascading waterfalls.

They are a testament to Madeira’s innovative spirit and deep respect for nature, providing a sustainable solution to the island’s water distribution challenges while preserving its breathtaking beauty.

Suggested Routes for Different Skill Levels, Showcasing the Island’s Natural Beauty

Hiking along the Levadas is an adventure that suits all levels of experience, from casual walkers to seasoned hikers, thanks to the variety of routes available.

Here are three Levada walks that highlight Madeira Island‘s natural beauty and cater to different skill levels:

  • Levada do Caldeirão Verde: Ideal for intermediate hikers, this trail is famous for its emerald green lagoon and towering waterfall at the end. The path takes you through the Laurisilva forest, a UNESCO World Heritage site, offering mesmerizing views and a close encounter with Madeira’s unique flora and fauna.
  • Levada dos 25 Fontes: This is a popular choice for beginners, featuring a relatively easy path that leads to a stunning waterfall and the so-called 25 springs. The hike offers a mix of forested areas and open landscapes, providing breathtaking views of the valley below.
  • Levada do Rei: For those seeking a less crowded path, Levada do Rei offers a peaceful hike through some of the most pristine parts of the Laurisilva forest. Suitable for all skill levels, this trail showcases the tranquil beauty of Madeira’s natural landscapes, from lush vegetation to hidden streams.

3. Visit Cabo Girão Skywalk

Cabo Girão Skywalk

Details About the Skywalk: Location, Height, and Glass Floor

Perched atop one of Europe’s highest cliffs, the Cabo Girão Skywalk offers visitors to Madeira Island a breathtaking perspective of the Atlantic Ocean and the lush landscapes below.

Located just a short drive from Funchal, this impressive viewpoint sits at a dizzying height of 580 meters (approximately 1,903 feet) above sea level, making it one of the highest of its kind in the world.

The Skywalk’s most thrilling feature is its glass-floored viewing platform, which allows you to gaze directly down the sheer cliff to the ocean and terraced fields below.

This architectural marvel not only provides a unique vantage point but also serves as a testament to human ingenuity and the island’s commitment to enhancing its natural beauty with minimal impact on the environment.

Tips for Visitors and the Best Time to Go for Clear Views

Visiting the Cabo Girão Skywalk is an experience you won’t soon forget, but to make the most of your visit, consider these tips:

  • Best Time for Clear Views: Early morning is typically the best time to visit the Skywalk for clear views. The air is often less hazy, and the site is less crowded, providing a more serene experience. Alternatively, visiting at sunset offers a dramatic view as the sun dips below the horizon, casting a golden hue over the sea and cliffs.
  • Footwear: While the glass floor is designed to be safe and non-slip, wearing proper footwear is advised. Opt for shoes with a good grip to ensure comfort and safety while you take in the stunning views.
  • Photography: The glass platform offers a unique opportunity for photography. For the best shots, try to avoid reflections by shooting directly downwards or come early to avoid crowds. Don’t forget to capture the panoramic views from the solid parts of the platform as well.
  • Accessibility: The Skywalk is accessible to visitors of all ages and mobility levels. There are plenty of parking spaces nearby, and the area around the skywalk, including restrooms and a souvenir shop, is designed to be wheelchair friendly.
  • No Admission Fee: There is no charge to visit the Cabo Girão Skywalk, making it an excellent option for travelers looking to experience the stunning beauty of Madeira Island without spending a penny.

4. Discover the Laurisilva Forest

Laurisilva Forest

Importance of This UNESCO World Heritage Site: Biodiversity and Endemic Species

The Laurisilva Forest in Madeira Island is a magnificent example of a primary laurel forest that covers about 20% of the island’s area.

Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site, this ancient forest is esteemed for its extraordinary biodiversity and the high number of endemic species that call it home.

Dating back millions of years, it represents a type of forest that once covered much of Southern Europe but now survives largely in Madeira, offering a glimpse into the past and an invaluable resource for scientific research and conservation efforts.

The significance of the Laurisilva Forest extends beyond its historical and ecological value.

It plays a critical role in Madeira’s water cycle, acting as a natural water collector that feeds the island’s levadas and springs.

This lush, green haven is a sanctuary for a wide array of plant species, birds, and wildlife, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth.

The forest’s dense foliage and the unique environment create a mystical atmosphere, where moss-covered trees and the sounds of nature offer a tranquil escape from the modern world.

Recommended Trails for Experiencing the Forest’s Enchanting Atmosphere

Exploring the Laurisilva Forest is a must-do for any visitor to Madeira Island, with several trails that cater to various interests and fitness levels.

Here are two recommended paths that lead through some of the most captivating parts of the forest:

  • Vereda do Fanal: This trail is perfect for those who wish to immerse themselves in the magic of the Laurisilva Forest without embarking on a strenuous hike. Located in the northwest part of Madeira, Vereda do Fanal offers relatively easy terrain and the chance to wander among ancient trees, with occasional openings that provide spectacular views of the surrounding mountains and valleys.
  • Levada dos Cedros: For a more adventurous exploration, the Levada dos Cedros offers a moderately challenging hike that takes you deep into the heart of the forest. Following one of the oldest levadas on the island, this trail showcases the incredible diversity of Madeira’s flora and fauna, with serene waterfalls and streams adding to the enchanting atmosphere.

Before setting out on any hike, it’s important to prepare adequately with appropriate clothing, footwear, and supplies.

The weather in the forest can change quickly, so it’s advisable to bring layers and rain protection.

Additionally, respecting the natural environment and staying on marked trails are crucial to preserving the beauty and integrity of this UNESCO World Heritage site.

Discovering the Laurisilva Forest is an unforgettable experience that connects you to the primal beauty of nature and the unique heritage of Madeira Island.

Whether you’re a seasoned hiker or simply seeking a peaceful retreat among ancient trees, the forest’s enchanting atmosphere and ecological wonders are sure to captivate your heart and soul.

5. Relax at Porto Moniz Natural Swimming Pools

Porto Moniz

Description of the Natural Lava Pools and Their Formation

Nestled in the northwestern tip of Madeira Island, the Porto Moniz Natural Swimming Pools are a spectacular natural wonder that draws visitors from around the world.

These pools are not man-made but rather formed by volcanic lava flows that have solidified upon reaching the ocean, creating a series of natural basins filled with crystal-clear sea water.

The rugged beauty of the black lava rock contrasts strikingly with the azure waters, creating a picturesque setting that is as breathtaking as it is unique.

The formation of these pools dates back thousands of years, a testament to the volcanic origins of Madeira Island.

Over time, the relentless force of the Atlantic Ocean has smoothed the edges of the lava rock, making them accessible for swimmers and sunbathers alike.

This natural process has resulted in a collection of pools of various sizes and depths, suitable for all ages and swimming abilities.

Facilities Available and Advice for Families

The Porto Moniz Natural Swimming Pools are well-equipped to provide a comfortable and enjoyable experience for all visitors.

Facilities include changing rooms, lockers, sun loungers, and a lifeguard service, ensuring safety and convenience.

For those who prefer not to swim, there are pathways and observation points around the pools that offer spectacular views of the ocean and the surrounding landscapes.

Families visiting the Porto Moniz Natural Swimming Pools will find plenty of amenities to make their day out both relaxing and fun.

There is a children’s swimming area, allowing kids to splash around safely under the watchful eyes of lifeguards.

Additionally, several cafes and restaurants nearby serve a variety of local and international dishes, perfect for refueling after a day in the water.

For the best experience, visiting the pools during the week can help avoid the crowds that tend to gather on weekends and holidays.

Always keep an eye on children and follow any safety instructions provided by the lifeguards.

With a little planning, a visit to the Porto Moniz Natural Swimming Pools can be a highlight of your trip to Madeira Island, offering a unique opportunity to connect with nature in a truly stunning setting.

6. Enjoy a Day in Santana


The Unique Architecture of Santana’s Traditional Houses

Santana, a charming town located in the northern part of Madeira Island, is famed for its picturesque landscape and, more notably, for its unique traditional houses.

These quaint structures, known as “Palheiros,” are distinguished by their triangular shape and vividly colored walls, topped with thatched roofs that slope almost to the ground.

This distinctive style of architecture is not only a delight to the eye but also a reflection of Madeira’s rich cultural heritage.

Originally designed to suit the agricultural lifestyle of the region, these houses are characterized by their simplicity and functionality.

The thatched roof, made from local straw, provides natural insulation, keeping the interiors cool in summer and warm in winter.

While many of these houses are no longer inhabited, a few have been meticulously preserved and converted into museums or tourist attractions, offering visitors a glimpse into the traditional Madeiran way of life.

Cultural Events and Local Crafts Worth Exploring

Santana is not just about its iconic houses; it’s also a vibrant center of culture and tradition on Madeira Island.

Throughout the year, the town hosts a variety of cultural events that showcase the island’s rich traditions, music, and dance.

One of the highlights is the “24 horas a bailar,” a 24-hour folk dance festival that brings together performers from across Madeira and other regions, celebrating the island’s folklore and communal spirit.

For those interested in local crafts, Santana offers an abundance of opportunities to explore and purchase authentic Madeiran handicrafts.

From the intricately woven baskets to the hand-made boots traditionally worn by the islanders, these crafts are not only beautiful but also carry the stories and skills of generations.

Visiting the local workshops and speaking with the artisans provides a deeper understanding of the craftsmanship and dedication behind each piece.

Families visiting Santana will find it a welcoming and engaging place, with activities and sights that appeal to all ages.

The town’s parks and picnic areas, set against the backdrop of lush mountains and coastal views, offer a perfect setting for a leisurely day out.

Spending a day in Santana is an opportunity to immerse yourself in the cultural and architectural heritage of Madeira Island.

Whether you’re exploring the historic Palheiros, participating in a local festival, or discovering the exquisite local crafts, Santana offers a memorable experience that connects you to the heart and soul of Madeira.

7. Experience the Madeira Flower Festival

Madeira Flower Festival

Overview of the Festival: Timing, Events, and Colorful Displays

The Madeira Flower Festival is one of the most vibrant and visually stunning events on Madeira Island, celebrating the island’s rich floral heritage and the arrival of spring.

Typically held in April or May, this festival transforms the streets of Funchal into a kaleidoscope of colors, scents, and joyous celebrations, attracting visitors from all corners of the globe.

The highlight of the Madeira Flower Festival is the grand parade, where floats adorned with countless flowers roll through the city, accompanied by dancers and musicians dressed in elaborate, colorful costumes.

This parade is a feast for the senses and a testament to the creativity and spirit of the Madeiran people.

In addition to the parade, the festival features a variety of events, including flower markets, exhibitions, workshops, and performances, all dedicated to the theme of flowers and springtime renewal.

Tips on Participating in the Festival Activities

To fully immerse yourself in the Madeira Flower Festival, consider these tips:

  • Plan Ahead: Accommodation and flights to Madeira Island can fill up quickly during the festival period, so it’s wise to book well in advance. Additionally, check the festival’s schedule to prioritize events you’d like to attend.
  • Participate in the Flower Carpet Building: One of the festival’s traditions is the creation of intricate flower carpets along the streets of Funchal. Volunteers are often welcome to participate in this activity, offering a unique way to engage with the local culture and the festival itself.
  • Attend the Children’s Parade: The day before the main parade, a children’s parade takes place, with local kids dressed in flower-themed costumes. This event is not only adorable but also highlights the community’s involvement in the festival.
  • Wear a Flower-Themed Outfit: Embrace the festive spirit by wearing your own flower-themed attire. Whether it’s a floral shirt, dress, or even a flower in your hair, you’ll feel part of the celebration.
  • Capture the Moments: Don’t forget your camera to capture the vibrant displays and memorable moments throughout the festival. The colorful parade, in particular, offers fantastic photo opportunities.

8. Take a Cable Car Ride to Monte

Cable Car Ride to Monte

Information on the Cable Car Journey: Views, Duration, and Destination

One of the most enchanting ways to experience the beauty of Madeira Island is by taking a cable car ride to Monte, a picturesque parish located high above the capital city of Funchal.

This aerial journey offers unparalleled views of Funchal’s colorful landscape, the deep blue sea, and the verdant mountains that embrace the city.

The cable car ride to Monte begins in the heart of Funchal and ascends over lush gardens and residential areas, providing a bird’s eye view of the island’s diverse topography.

The journey from Funchal to Monte takes approximately 15 minutes, covering a distance of around 3,200 meters (about 2 miles).

As you glide smoothly over the treetops, you’ll have ample opportunities to capture stunning photographs of the scenery below.

The cable cars are equipped with large panoramic windows, ensuring that every passenger gets a clear view of the breathtaking landscape.

Activities in Monte, Including Visiting the Church and Tropical Gardens

Upon reaching Monte, a world of historical and natural wonders awaits.

One of the must-visit attractions is the Church of Our Lady of Monte (Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Monte), an important pilgrimage site with a rich history.

This majestic church, dating back to the 18th century, stands as a beacon of tranquility and spiritual significance.

Visitors can admire its beautiful interior and, for those who are interested, learn about its connection to Charles I of Austria, the last Emperor of Austria, who is buried here.

Monte is also renowned for its stunning gardens, and no visit would be complete without exploring the Monte Palace Tropical Garden.

Spread over 70,000 square meters, this garden is a paradise of exotic plants, historical tiles, and artwork from various parts of the world.

The garden’s meticulously landscaped terraces, water features, and thematic areas invite visitors to wander and discover the beauty and diversity of the natural world.

Another highlight is the Madeira Botanical Garden, which boasts a collection of over 2,000 plants from Madeira and around the globe.

Here, you can explore various themed sections, including indigenous and endemic species, tropical plants, and a succulent garden.

The Botanical Garden also offers stunning views of Funchal, making it a perfect spot for nature lovers and photography enthusiasts.

Taking a cable car ride to Monte and exploring its attractions is an unforgettable experience that offers a glimpse into the cultural and natural heritage of Madeira Island.

Whether you’re drawn to the historical significance of the Church of Our Lady of Monte, the botanical wonders of the gardens, or simply the thrill of the cable car ride itself, Monte offers a diverse array of experiences that capture the essence of Madeira’s beauty and tranquility.

9. Adventure in Ponta de São Lourenço

Ponta de São Lourenço

Ponta de São Lourenço, the rugged easternmost point of Madeira Island, offers a dramatic landscape that is markedly different from the lush vegetation found elsewhere on the island.

This narrow peninsula is characterized by stark, jagged cliffs that plunge into the Atlantic Ocean, creating a striking contrast against the deep blue waters.

The area is a testament to the volcanic origins of Madeira, showcasing a variety of rock formations in hues of red, green, and black, sculpted by centuries of erosion.

The natural beauty of Ponta de São Lourenço is enhanced by its unique biodiversity.

The area is home to several endemic species of flora and fauna, adapted to the arid climate and the salty ocean spray.

As you explore this wild and untouched landscape, you’ll be treated to breathtaking views of both the north and south coasts of Madeira Island, as well as the neighboring Desertas Islands and, on a clear day, Porto Santo Island in the distance.

Guided Tour Options and Hiking Tips

For those wishing to explore Ponta de São Lourenço, there are various ways to experience this magnificent landscape.

One of the most rewarding is to embark on the hiking trail that traverses the peninsula.

This moderate hike is approximately 7 kilometers (about 4.3 miles) round trip and takes you through some of the most spectacular scenery on Madeira Island.

Along the way, interpretive signs provide insights into the geology and ecology of the area, enriching your adventure.

Guided tours are available for those who prefer to explore with an expert.

These tours not only offer the advantage of learning about the area’s natural history and biodiversity from knowledgeable guides but also ensure safety and companionship.

Guides can point out hidden gems and provide a deeper understanding of the landscape and its inhabitants.

Here are a few tips for those planning to hike Ponta de São Lourenço:

  • Wear appropriate footwear: The trail can be rocky and uneven, so sturdy hiking shoes are essential.
  • Bring water and sun protection: The peninsula can be very exposed, with little shade. It’s important to stay hydrated and protect yourself from the sun.
  • Start early: To avoid the heat of the day and to enjoy the trail with fewer people, it’s best to begin your hike in the morning.
  • Stay on the path: To protect the fragile ecosystem and for your safety, always stay on the marked trails.

10. Watch Whales and Dolphins

whale watching madeira

Opportunities for Marine Wildlife Watching: Best Seasons and Tour Operators

Madeira Island offers some of the most spectacular opportunities for whale and dolphin watching in the Atlantic Ocean.

The island’s deep waters close to shore serve as a natural habitat for a diverse range of marine mammals throughout the year, making it an ideal destination for wildlife enthusiasts.

More than 20 different species of cetaceans, including the majestic sperm whale and the playful bottlenose dolphin, can be spotted in the waters around Madeira.

The best seasons for whale and dolphin watching on Madeira Island are from April to October, when the sea conditions are most favorable, and the diversity of species is at its peak.

However, thanks to Madeira’s mild climate and the rich marine ecosystem, sightings are possible and rewarding year-round.

Several reputable tour operators around Madeira offer whale and dolphin watching excursions, departing mainly from Funchal and Calheta.

These tours are conducted with respect for the animals and the environment, often aboard comfortable boats equipped with hydrophones to listen to the cetaceans’ calls.

Experienced guides provide insightful commentary, enhancing the experience by sharing information about the behaviors and characteristics of these magnificent creatures.

Conservation Efforts and Respectful Wildlife Interaction

Madeira Island is committed to the conservation of its marine biodiversity.

The tour operators adhere to strict guidelines to ensure minimal impact on the wildlife and their habitat.

This includes maintaining a respectful distance from the animals, limiting the time spent with any single group of cetaceans, and avoiding activities that could distress or disrupt their natural behaviors.

Visitors are encouraged to choose tour operators that are recognized for their sustainable practices and active contributions to marine conservation efforts.

This not only ensures a more responsible and ethical experience but also supports the ongoing research and protection initiatives for these marine species.

For those embarking on a whale and dolphin watching adventure, here are a few tips to ensure a respectful and enjoyable experience:

  • Listen to the crew: Follow the guidelines provided by the tour operator and crew for a safe and respectful encounter with marine wildlife.
  • Be patient: Wildlife watching can be unpredictable. Enjoy the journey and the opportunity to be in the presence of these magnificent animals, even if sightings are not immediate.
  • Use binoculars: To get a closer view without disturbing the animals, bring a pair of binoculars.
  • Support conservation: Consider supporting local conservation organizations that work to protect Madeira’s marine life.

11. Taste Madeira’s Culinary Delights

espada com banana

Introduction to Madeira’s Cuisine: Espada com Banana, Bolo do Caco, and Other Local Dishes

No visit to Madeira Island is complete without indulging in its rich culinary heritage, a tantalizing fusion of Portuguese, African, and Caribbean influences.

Madeira’s cuisine is renowned for its use of fresh, locally sourced ingredients, bold flavors, and hearty dishes that reflect the island’s maritime history and diverse cultural heritage.

One of the most iconic dishes of Madeira is espada com banana, a delectable combination of black scabbardfish (espada) and bananas, often served with a flavorful passion fruit sauce.

This dish perfectly embodies the island’s culinary traditions, with the sweetness of the bananas complementing the delicate flavor of the fish, which is abundant in Madeira’s waters.

Another must-try delicacy is bolo do caco, a traditional Madeiran bread made from sweet potato and wheat flour, cooked on a hot stone slab.

Often served warm with garlic butter or as an accompaniment to local dishes, bolo do caco is a staple of Madeiran cuisine and a favorite among locals and visitors alike.

Other local specialties to savor include espetada, skewered beef marinated in garlic and bay leaves and grilled over an open flame; lapas grelhadas, grilled limpets served with garlic butter; and the famous Madeira wine, a fortified wine with a rich, complex flavor that pairs perfectly with desserts or as an aperitif.

Recommendations for Restaurants and Food Markets

To experience the best of Madeira’s culinary delights, be sure to explore the island’s vibrant food scene, which includes a mix of traditional taverns, family-run restaurants, and bustling food markets.

Here are a few recommendations to tantalize your taste buds:

  • Mercado dos Lavradores: Located in the heart of Funchal, this bustling market is a feast for the senses, offering a vibrant array of fresh fruits, vegetables, spices, and local delicacies. Be sure to sample some of the island’s exotic fruits, such as passion fruit, custard apple, and pitanga.
  • Taberna da Poncha: For an authentic Madeiran dining experience, head to Taberna da Poncha in Funchal, where you can savor traditional dishes in a cozy, rustic setting. Don’t miss the chance to try poncha, a traditional Madeiran drink made from aguardente (sugar cane spirit), honey, and lemon juice.
  • Restaurante O Lagar: Situated in the charming village of Ponta do Sol, Restaurante O Lagar offers stunning views of the ocean and a menu inspired by Madeiran and Mediterranean cuisine. Indulge in fresh seafood, grilled meats, and homemade desserts while enjoying the warm hospitality of the staff.
  • Mercado dos Agricultores: Located in the town of Santo da Serra, this farmers’ market is a hidden gem where you can sample local cheeses, preserves, and artisanal products made by farmers and producers from across the island.

12. Scuba Diving and Snorkeling

scuba diving

Highlighting Madeira’s Rich Marine Life and Clear Waters

Nestled in the crystal-clear waters of the Atlantic Ocean, Madeira Island boasts an underwater world teeming with diverse marine life and vibrant coral reefs.

From colorful fish and playful dolphins to majestic sea turtles and elusive sharks, Madeira offers an unparalleled diving and snorkeling experience for enthusiasts of all levels.

The island’s rich marine biodiversity is attributed to its unique geographical location, with warm ocean currents converging around Madeira, creating an ideal habitat for a variety of marine species.

The waters surrounding the island are renowned for their exceptional clarity, often boasting visibility of up to 30 meters (approximately 100 feet), making it a haven for underwater photographers and nature lovers alike.

Best Spots for Diving and Snorkeling for All Levels

Madeira offers an array of diving and snorkeling sites suitable for beginners and experienced enthusiasts alike. Here are a few recommended spots to explore:

  • Garajau Marine Natural Park: Located off the coast of Funchal, Garajau Marine Natural Park is a protected area renowned for its pristine waters and diverse marine life. Snorkelers can explore the underwater sculpture park, home to a fascinating array of sculptures submerged in shallow waters. For divers, the park offers several dive sites, including caves, walls, and coral gardens, with opportunities to encounter barracudas, moray eels, and colorful reef fish.
  • São Lourenço Marine Reserve: The rocky shores of Ponta de São Lourenço offer excellent snorkeling opportunities, with calm waters and an abundance of marine life. Snorkelers can explore the underwater caves and rock formations, encountering schools of damselfish, parrotfish, and octopuses along the way.
  • Madeira’s Wreck Dives: For experienced divers, Madeira offers several wreck dives, including the SS Madeirense and the SS Porto Santo, which lie at depths ranging from 20 to 40 meters (approximately 65 to 130 feet). These wrecks are home to a variety of marine species, including groupers, rays, and large schools of fish.
  • Desertas Islands: For a truly remote diving experience, consider a trip to the Desertas Islands, a group of uninhabited islands located about 25 nautical miles southeast of Madeira. These pristine waters offer excellent visibility and the chance to encounter larger marine species, such as manta rays, whale sharks, and even humpback whales during the migration season.

13. Participate in Madeira’s Festivities

Carnival in Madeira

Overview of Madeira’s Annual Events: Carnival, Atlantic Festival, and Christmas Lights

Madeira Island is renowned for its vibrant and colorful festivities, which celebrate the island’s rich cultural heritage and unique traditions throughout the year.

From lively street parades and music festivals to dazzling fireworks displays and religious processions, Madeira’s annual events offer visitors an unforgettable glimpse into the island’s spirited community and festive atmosphere.

  • Carnival: Held annually in the weeks leading up to Lent, Carnival in Madeira is a riotous celebration of music, dance, and costume. The streets of Funchal come alive with colorful parades, street performers, and samba bands, attracting revelers from near and far. Highlights of Carnival include the Grand Parade, where elaborately decorated floats and costumed dancers fill the streets with energy and excitement, and the Masked Ball, a glamorous soirée where guests don masks and costumes to dance the night away.
  • Atlantic Festival: The Atlantic Festival is a month-long celebration of music, culture, and entertainment that takes place throughout June in Funchal. The festival kicks off with the Madeira Music Festival, featuring classical and contemporary performances by local and international artists. The highlight of the festival is the International Fireworks Competition, where pyrotechnic teams from around the world compete to create the most spectacular displays against the backdrop of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Christmas Lights: Madeira’s Christmas celebrations are a magical time of year, marked by dazzling light displays, festive markets, and traditional carol singing. The streets of Funchal are adorned with millions of twinkling lights, creating a magical winter wonderland that captivates visitors of all ages. Highlights of the Christmas season include the opening ceremony of the lights, with live music and entertainment, and the Christmas Market, where visitors can browse stalls selling handmade crafts, local delicacies, and festive treats.

Insight into Local Traditions and How Visitors Can Join the Celebrations

Participating in Madeira’s festivities is an immersive experience that offers visitors a chance to connect with the island’s vibrant culture and traditions. Here are a few ways to join the celebrations:

  • Dress the part: For Carnival, don your most colorful costume or mask and join the street parades, dancing to the rhythm of the samba bands. During the Atlantic Festival, take part in the lively street performances and cultural events, celebrating music and dance from around the world. And for Christmas, don’t forget to wear your warmest sweater and join in the carol singing and festive cheer.
  • Sample the local cuisine: Festivals in Madeira are a feast for the senses, with an abundance of traditional foods and drinks to try. Indulge in local delicacies such as bolo de mel (honey cake), espetada (grilled meat skewers), and poncha (traditional Madeiran drink made with aguardente, honey, and lemon juice), and raise a toast to the season’s festivities.
  • Join in the traditions: Many of Madeira’s festivals are steeped in age-old traditions and rituals. Take part in the religious processions during Carnival and Easter, or join the locals for the traditional Christmas Eve midnight mass. These experiences offer a deeper understanding of Madeira’s cultural heritage and the significance of its celebrations.

14. Take a Scenic Drive

madeira driving

Routes that Showcase Madeira’s Breathtaking Landscapes, Including Coastal Drives and Mountain Passes

Exploring Madeira Island by car is a thrilling adventure that offers unparalleled views of the island’s diverse landscapes, from rugged coastlines and lush valleys to towering mountains and quaint villages.

With its well-maintained roads and extensive network of scenic routes, Madeira is a paradise for road trippers seeking to discover the island’s natural beauty at their own pace.

  • Coastal Drives: One of the most iconic scenic drives in Madeira is along the coastal road that winds its way around the island, offering panoramic views of the Atlantic Ocean and dramatic cliffs plunging into the sea. Start your journey in Funchal and head west along the Estrada Monumental towards Camara de Lobos, a picturesque fishing village famed for its colorful boats and rugged coastline. Continue along the coast to Cabo Girão, home to one of the highest sea cliffs in Europe, where you can marvel at the breathtaking views from the glass skywalk. For a truly unforgettable experience, drive along the north coast to Porto Moniz, where you can relax in the natural lava pools and soak up the sun.
  • Mountain Passes: Inland, Madeira’s mountainous terrain offers some of the most spectacular driving routes on the island, with winding roads that traverse lush forests, rugged peaks, and cascading waterfalls. Drive along the ER110 from São Vicente to Encumeada, passing through the stunning Laurisilva Forest and the charming village of Curral das Freiras nestled in a valley surrounded by towering cliffs. Alternatively, take the ER101 from Machico to Porto da Cruz, where you’ll be treated to sweeping views of the coastline and the majestic peaks of the Pico do Arieiro and Pico Ruivo.

Suggestions for Stops and Landmarks Along the Way

No scenic drive in Madeira would be complete without stopping to admire the island’s natural wonders and cultural landmarks along the way.

Here are a few suggestions for stops to include in your itinerary:

  • Miradouros (Viewpoints): Madeira is dotted with miradouros offering panoramic views of the island’s stunning landscapes. Don’t miss the viewpoints at Pico do Arieiro, Pico Ruivo, and Cabo Girão for some of the best vistas on the island.
  • Levada Walks: Many of Madeira’s scenic drives pass by trailheads for the island’s famous levada walks, offering opportunities for short hikes through lush forests and along scenic water channels. Consider stopping at the Rabaçal or Caldeirão Verde trailheads for a refreshing walk amidst nature’s splendor.
  • Historical Sites: Along the coastal drives, you’ll encounter several historical sites and cultural landmarks worth exploring, including churches, lighthouses, and fortresses. Take a detour to visit the Ponta de São Lourenço, the easternmost point of the island, or the São Tiago Fort in Funchal for a glimpse into Madeira’s rich history.

15. Unwind in Madeira’s Spas and Wellness Centers

madeira spa

The Role of Wellness in Madeira’s Tourism

In recent years, wellness tourism has become increasingly important in Madeira Island, as visitors seek experiences that promote relaxation, rejuvenation, and overall well-being.

With its serene natural environment, mild climate, and abundance of natural resources, Madeira offers the perfect setting for wellness retreats and spa getaways.

Whether you’re looking to unwind after a day of exploration or seeking a dedicated wellness retreat, Madeira’s spas and wellness centers provide a sanctuary for relaxation and renewal.

Top Spas for Relaxation and Treatments Unique to the Island

  • The Spa at Reid’s Palace: Located within the iconic Belmond Reid’s Palace hotel in Funchal, The Spa offers a luxurious retreat overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. Indulge in a range of holistic treatments inspired by Madeira’s natural ingredients, including vinotherapy, which harnesses the antioxidant properties of grapes to nourish the skin and promote relaxation. The Spa also offers wellness experiences such as yoga and meditation, allowing guests to reconnect with themselves and their surroundings.
  • The VidaMar Resort Madeira: Situated on the southern coast of Madeira, the VidaMar Resort offers a tranquil oasis where guests can escape the stresses of daily life and immerse themselves in a world of wellness. The resort’s Thalasso Sea Spa is renowned for its innovative treatments using seawater and marine extracts, which are rich in minerals and trace elements essential for skin health and vitality. From thalassotherapy baths to marine-inspired massages, guests can experience the healing power of the ocean in a serene and luxurious setting.
  • Quinta do Furão: Nestled amidst the lush vineyards of the north coast, Quinta do Furão offers a unique wellness experience that combines traditional Madeiran therapies with modern spa techniques. Guests can relax in the outdoor jacuzzi overlooking the sea, unwind in the sauna and steam room, or indulge in a massage using locally sourced ingredients such as passion fruit and Madeira wine. The resort also offers yoga and tai chi classes, allowing guests to harmonize body, mind, and spirit in a tranquil natural setting.
  • Choupana Hills Resort & Spa: Perched high above Funchal, Choupana Hills Resort & Spa offers panoramic views of the city and the ocean, providing a serene retreat for relaxation and rejuvenation. The resort’s spa features a range of treatments inspired by Madeira’s indigenous flora and fauna, including botanical facials, aromatic body scrubs, and hot stone massages. Guests can also enjoy the spa’s outdoor relaxation area, which includes a heated infinity pool, sun loungers, and panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.


As we conclude our exploration of Madeira Island, it’s clear that this enchanting destination offers a wealth of diverse activities and experiences that cater to every traveler’s interests and desires.

From exploring historic towns and lush forests to indulging in culinary delights and unwinding in luxurious spas, Madeira’s beauty and cultural richness promise an unforgettable journey of discovery and relaxation.

Throughout our journey, we’ve marveled at the island’s breathtaking landscapes, from the rugged cliffs and pristine beaches to the verdant mountains and picturesque villages.

We’ve sampled the flavors of Madeira’s culinary heritage, savoring traditional dishes and local delicacies that reflect the island’s rich cultural tapestry.

We’ve immersed ourselves in the vibrant festivities and celebrations that animate the streets of Funchal and the charming villages throughout the year and we’ve experienced moments of tranquility and rejuvenation in Madeira’s spas and wellness centers, connecting with the natural beauty and serenity of the island.

madeira island

FAQ’s About Madeira Island:

Is Madeira Island Expensive?

Madeira can be considered moderately priced compared to other European destinations.

While some aspects of travel, such as accommodations and dining, may be on the higher side, there are plenty of budget-friendly options available, especially if you explore local eateries and accommodations off the beaten path.

What is so special about Madeira?

Madeira is renowned for its stunning natural beauty, characterized by lush landscapes, rugged coastlines, and picturesque villages.

The island’s mild climate, rich cultural heritage, and welcoming atmosphere make it a sought-after destination for outdoor enthusiasts, food lovers, and those seeking relaxation and rejuvenation amidst breathtaking scenery.

Is Madeira in Portugal or Spain?

Madeira is an autonomous region of Portugal, located in the Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of Africa.

It is not part of Spain but shares historical and cultural ties with Portugal, including the Portuguese language and customs.

Is Madeira too touristy?

While Madeira is a popular tourist destination, especially during peak seasons, it still retains its authentic charm and natural beauty.

While certain areas, particularly Funchal and coastal resorts, can be busy with tourists, there are plenty of quieter spots and hidden gems to explore, especially in the interior and less developed parts of the island.

Do they speak English in Madeira?

Yes, English is widely spoken in Madeira, especially in tourist areas, hotels, restaurants, and shops.

Most locals working in the tourism industry are proficient in English, making it easy for visitors to communicate and navigate the island.

Can you swim in the sea in Madeira?

Yes, you can swim in the sea in Madeira.

The island boasts several natural swimming pools, beaches, and calm bays suitable for swimming and water activities.

However, it’s essential to pay attention to local conditions and any safety warnings, especially during rough seas or strong currents.

What is the best month to go to Madeira?

The best time to visit Madeira depends on your preferences and interests.

The island enjoys a mild climate year-round, with temperatures rarely dropping below 15°C (59°F) in winter and averaging around 25°C (77°F) in summer.

Spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) are particularly pleasant, with fewer crowds and comfortable temperatures for outdoor activities.

Is Madeira tap water drinkable?

Yes, the tap water in Madeira is generally safe to drink.

The water quality is monitored regularly, and it meets European Union standards for drinking water.

Locals and visitors alike commonly drink tap water without any issues.

Is the sea warm in Madeira?

The sea temperature in Madeira varies throughout the year but generally remains mild due to the influence of the Gulf Stream.

In summer, sea temperatures typically range from 20°C to 24°C (68°F to 75°F), making it suitable for swimming and water sports.

In winter, sea temperatures can drop to around 18°C (64°F), but they remain relatively comfortable for those accustomed to cooler waters.

island in madeira

(Island Expert)

Christian is a dynamic serial entrepreneur and a licensed real estate agent with a relentless passion for unlocking the potential of island real estate. Christian's expertise extends beyond entrepreneurship and property transactions. He possesses a profound expertise in crafting captivating content and persuasive copywriting tailored exclusively to the enchanting realm of island real estate.

Thanks for your enquiry.

Check your email shortly for the ebook download link.

Download Island Buyers Guide Ebook

Please fill in your details below and we will send you this ebook via email